To understand perfume, we need to start with what do we mean by fragrance concentration. It is basically the strength a fragrance has. When we say a perfume has a higher fragrance concentration, it means that it contains more perfume oil and less alcohol.
There are different type of perfume as listed below:
This is fragrance with the lightest concentration. Its oil concentration is 1 to 3 %. It is a favourite for those with sensitive as the alcohol content is low and the water content is high.
Eau de Cologne
There is 2 to 4 %f of oil in eau de cologne. Generally, it takes around one hour for the fragrance to fade off. Cologne is usually used in naming men’s fragrance.
Generally, eau de cologne come in bigger bottle and more quantity need to be used. The scent is usually light, fresh and fruity.
Eau de Toilette
The amount of oil in eau de toilette is 5 to 15 % and the scent can stay for around 3 hours. This perfume is very popular because it lasts longer and it is priced cheaper than eau de parfum or parfum. Some background information , eau de toilette is literally translated as “toilet water” or more appropriately, known as “grooming water”.
Eau de Parfum
Eau de parfum contains 15 to 20 % oil and it is able to last up to 5 hours. It is less expensive than parfum.
This scent is the most concentrated. There are 20 to 40 % oil in parfum and the scent lasts 6 to 8 hours. This is suitable for those with sensitive skin as the alcohol concentration is less and it does not dry out your skin easily.
What is the difference between eau de toilette and perfume?
EDT contains less perfume oil than parfum so its price is cheaper than parfum.
How long does the scent last?
The concentration of the fragrance affects how long the scent will last. The concentration of perfume oils in eau de toilette is lesser so its scent can only stay for a few hours.
The first scent or top note released by parfum is dominant. Parfum lasts longer. After the top note goes off, the scent of the middle note becomes noticeable.
Day or Night use?
The fragrance of EDT is less intense, so it is very suitable for day to day use. Even if you spray too much, the scent will go off quickly.
Parfum fits in as a night wear as it is more intense.
What is the difference between cologne and perfume?
The main difference between eau de cologne and perfume is the concentration of oil found in them. Perfume has a higher concentration of oil than eau de cologne. As such, their price differ too.
And how does its name come about? The founder of eau de cologne named his newly mixed fragrance after his hometown.
In conclusion, when one decides on which type of perfume to use, one need to consider the intensity of the scent, how long does scent last and mostly importantly, the price one is willing to pay for the scent.